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Barrancabermeja, Santander

Central America is the central geographic region of the Americas. It is variably defined either as being a region of the Americas in its own right or as the southern portion of North America. Physiographically, Central America is a tropical isthmus that connects North and South America. It includes 7 countries and many small offshore islands. Overall, the land is fertile and rugged, and dominated through its heart by a string of volcanic mountain ranges with a few active volcanos.

Barrancabermeja is the second most important city in Santander, Colombia, mayor city of Mares province. It's located 110 kilometers at the west of Bucaramanga. It was founded in 1536. The population of the city was 208.501 and it’s population density was 186 per square kilometers. Barrancabermeja is home for the biggest petroleum refinery in Colombia, which belongs to the state company Ecopetrol. Most of the economy of the city turns around petroleum and, as a second option, appear cattle ranches.
The city has a long history of labour activism and leftist organisations and until recently was largely under the influence and control of guerrilla insurgents. The ELN began moving into Barranca in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The FARC arrived in the early 1990s. During the time when it was a contested territory between the guerrilla groups and the Colombian military and paramilitaries, the city was thought to be essentially a warzone. The military would only cross the bridge over the railroad into the southeast area of the city in armored personnel carriers.
Barrancabermeja has boundaries at North with Puerto Wilches, at South with Puerto Parra, Simacota and San Vicente de Chucuri, at east with San Vicente de Chucuri and Giron, and at west with Magdalena River. Barrameja culture, from its birth as a city, has been touched by migratory movements due to oilboom. This way, customs coming from Atlantic Coast, Antioquia, south of Bolivar and Santander, have melt in just one place to generate the Sun's Daughter identity.
The commercial area of the city is adjacent to the river ports, where motor canoes constantly arrive with fish and agricultural products from farmers along the river including maize, Cassava, plantain, and cacao.

Barrancabermeja is said the place of best geographical environment and can trace its origins back to prehistoric times. It enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers.

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