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Central America is the central geographic region of the Americas. It is variably defined either as being a region of the Americas in its own right or as the southern portion of North America. Physiographically, Central America is a tropical isthmus that connects North and South America. It includes 7 countries and many small offshore islands. Overall, the land is fertile and rugged, and dominated through its heart by a string of volcanic mountain ranges with a few active volcanos.
Matagalpa is a city in Nicaragua, the capital city of the department of Matagalpa. The city has a population of 109,100 2005 census, meanwhile the population of the department is 480,000. According to the Matagalpan linguist father Guillermo Kiene, a Catholic missionary priest living from 1898 to 1959, who was the son of a German immigrant, the word Matagalpa comes from the Sumo language.
Matagalpa was an Indian town founded by the Spaniards in 1554 when they were looking for a water passage to the Northern Sea, the Caribbean. The Matagalpa Indians had their own language, but it has been considered extinct since 1875. A document with 97 words from the Matagalpa language can be found in the Daniel G. Brinton section of the American Philosophical Library in Philadelphia.
Matagalpa is known for its good quality coffee, its cattle, milk products, vegetables, flowers and mountains for ecotourism. It is the location of storied mountain tourist resorts like Aranjuez, Santa Maria de Ostuma, and Selva Negra Mountain Resort.

A city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, cooperative people and luxurious hotels and cottages, Matagalpa is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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