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Central America is the central geographic region of the Americas. It is variably defined either as being a region of the Americas in its own right or as the southern portion of North America. Physiographically, Central America is a tropical isthmus that connects North and South America. It includes 7 countries and many small offshore islands. Overall, the land is fertile and rugged, and dominated through its heart by a string of volcanic mountain ranges with a few active volcanos.

Ocotal is the capital of the department of Nueva Segovia in Nicaragua, Central America, located within the municipality of Ocotal. Ocotal is located 21 kilometers south of the Honduras border on the Pan-American Highway. The city, which holds a population of 38,000, is located within a valley. The name comes from the Nahuatl word for pine resin.

Nueva Segovia is a department in Nicaragua. It covers an area of 3,123 square kilometers and has a population of 211,200 in 2005 census. The capital is Ocotal. Nicaragua is a democratic republic in Central America.

Ocotal is twinned with Swindon, United Kingdom, with Hartford, Connecticut, United States, and with Wiesbaden, Germany. In 1927, Ocotal suffered one of the first dive bombing attacks in history, conducted by ten Marine de Havilland biplanes fighting against Augusto Cesar Sandino.

Ocotal is also known as the town of best geographical environment and has traced its origins back to prehistoric times. Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and can also enjoy its natural beauty concealed by the beautiful landscapes.

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